A Screening-Level Approach to Quantifying Risk from Glacial Release of Organochlorine Pollutants in the Alaskan Arctic – K. Miner et al.
K. R. Miner, K. J. Kreutz, S. Jain, S. Campbell, and A. Liljedahl
Received: 12 April 2018 / Revised: 11 October 2018 / Accepted: 29 October 2018
© Springer Nature America, Inc. 2018
Widespread distribution of atmospherically mobilized organochlorine pollutants (OCPs) has been documented throughout the Arctic. A fraction of these OCPs have become entrained in glacial ice, and during melting, they can be released into downstream reservoirs. Though this remobilization is known, an assessment of risk from glacial meltwater to collocated human communities in the Arctic, including Alaska, had not been accomplished. Here, we use a screening-level risk assessment model for glacial watersheds, based on US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) methodology, which we apply to the glaciated Jarvis Creek watershed of interior Alaska. Model results indicate that even with low levels of OCPs in glacial meltwater, high ﬁsh consumption by subsistence communities in the area increases the risk of cancer and hazard impacts above acceptable limits. Though this model is speciﬁc to one watershed, our results imply that further investigation of an increasing OCP signal in glacial meltwater and ﬁsh throughout the North American Arctic is warranted.