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Climate Change Institute

Shaleen Jain

Associate Professor, Civil & Environmental Engineering; Cooperating Associate Professor, Climate Change Institute; Cooperating Associate Professor, School of Policy and International Affairs; Faculty Fellow, Mitchell Center for Sustainability Solutions

Shaleen Jain

Contact Information

207 581-2420


5711 Boardman Hall
University of Maine 
Orono, ME  04469


My research focuses on understanding how the interplay of human and natural forces shapes water availability and distribution on watershed-to-regional scales. Observational and model-based studies are performed to inform water resources infrastructure design, decision-making and policy in a changing climate. This work involves use of decision-analysis, nonparametric, directional, and Bayesian statistical methods. Furthermore, my students and I utilize historical datasets and coupled global climate model ensemble simulations to understand the regional climatic variability and change.

Example projects include a study of adaptation strategies for Maine's coastal communities, developing decision tools for lake-watershed systems, and the analysis of water use policy in Maine. Current studies seek to understand the nature of climate-hydrologic systems linkages in the following natural laboratories: northeastern United States, western North American region, Korean peninsula, African Sahel and the North Atlantic hurricane region.

Outreach efforts within my research group include development of programmable multimedia modules in the Scratch environment to promote creative learning. In collaboration with the k-12 schools in Maine and UMaine New Media Internet Technologies Laboratory, we are developing immersive learning approaches centered around watershed sustainability in middle school classrooms.


CIE 100 Introduction to Civil Engineering (Fall term)

CIE 455 Hydrology (Fall term)

CIE 456 Groundwater Hydraulics and Hydrology (Spring term)

CIE 552 Physical Hydrology (Fall term, alternate years)

CIE 553 Water Resources Sustainability (Spring term,  alternate years)

CIE 598 Managing our Water Resources


Research interests

Hydroclimatology, Climate Variability and Change, Environmental Flows, Hydrosystems Modeling, Adaptive Management, Decision Analysis, Sustainability Science, Programmable multimedia for k-12 STEM education


In Press

  • Jain, V., M. Beyene, L. S. Varay, R. J. Wasson, and S. Jain (2018), Riverine Flood Hazard: Part A. types, processes and causative factors. Proceedings of the Indian National Science Academy. Accepted 13 August 2018.

Additional Publications

  • Beyene, M. T., and S. Jain (2018), North American wintertime temperature anomalies: the role of El Niño diversity and differential teleconnections. Climate Dynamics, 50, 11–12, pp 4365–4377.

    For more information: Read abstract

  • Beyene M. T. and S. Jain (2018), Freezing degree-day thresholds and Lake ice-out dates: Understanding the role of El Niño conditions. International Journal of Climatology, 1–10.

    For more information: Read abstract

  • Lausier, A. M., and Jain, S. (2018), Diversity in global patterns of observed precipitation variability and change on river basin scales. Climatic Change. doi: 10.1007/s10584-018-2225-z

    For more information: Read abstract

  • Wahl, T., P. J. Ward, H. C. Winsemius, A. AghaKouchak, J. Bender, I. D. Haigh, S. Jain, M. Leonard, T. I. E. Veldkamp, and S. Westra (2018), When environmental forces collide, Eos, 99,

    For more information: Read abstract

  • Melis, T. S., W. E. Pine, J. Korman, M. D. Yard, S. Jain, and R. S. Pulwarty (2016), Using large-scale flow experiments to rehabilitate Colorado River ecosystem function in Grand Canyon: an adaptive climate-resilient strategy. In K. Miller, A. Hamlet, D. Kenney and K. Redmond, eds. Western Water Policy and Planning in a Variable and Changing Climate, Drought and Water Crises: Science, Technology, Management, and Policy Issues for the 21st Century, Donald A. Wilhite (Series Editor), CRC Press - Taylor and Francis.

    For more information: Read abstract

  • Hart, D. D., K. P. Bell, L. A. Lindenfeld, S. Jain, T. R. Johnson, D. Ranco, and B. McGill (2015), Strengthening the role of universities in addressing sustainability challenges: the Mitchell Center for Sustainability Solutions as an institutional experiment. Ecology and Society, 20, 2. doi: 10.5751/ES-07283-200204

    For more information: Read abstract

  • Dhakal, N., S. Jain, A. Gray, M. Dandy, and E. Stancioff (2015), Nonstationarity in seasonality of extreme precipitation: A nonparametric circular statistical approach and its application, Water Resources Research, 51, 6, 4499–4515. doi:10.1002/2014WR016399.

    For more information: Read abstract

  • Beyene, M. T. and S. Jain (2015), Wintertime weather-climate variability and its links to early spring ice-out in Maine lakes. Limnology and Oceanography, 60, 6, 1890–1905. doi: 10.1002/lno.10148

    For more information: Read abstract

  • Wahl, T., S. Jain, J. Bender, S. D. Meyers, and M. E. Luther (2015), Increasing risk of compound flooding from storm surge and rainfall for major US cities. Nature Climate Change, 5, 1093–1097. doi:10.1038/nclimate2736

    For more information: Read abstract

  • Kim, J.-S., and S. Jain (2015), Wintertime High Flow Regime in Northern Maine, USA : A Hydroclimatic Diagnostic Study. Proceedings of the 18th Workshop on the Hydraulics of Ice Covered Rivers, Canadian Geophysical Union--Committee on River Ice Processes and the Environment. Quebec City, Quebec, Canada, 19-21 August 2015.

    For more information: Read abstract

  • Kim, J.-S., W. Zou, X. Wang, and S. Jain (2012), El Niño Modoki and the Summer Precipitation Variability over South Korea: A diagnostic study. Journal of the Meteorological Society of Japan, 90, 5, 673-684. doi: 10.2151/jmsj.2012-507

    For more information: Read abstract

  • Westbaker, T., S. Jain, M. Scott & J. Arsenault (2012), Integrating Environmental Sustainability Education with Computational Thinking in a Montessori School Setting. In T. Amiel & B. Wilson (Eds.), Proceedings of EdMedia: World Conference on Educational Media and Technology 2012 (pp. 500-506). Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE).

    For more information: Read abstract

  • Peckenham, J., D. Hart, S. Smith, S. Jain, and W. King (2012), The Path to Sustainable Water Resources Solutions. Maine Policy Review, 21, 1, 46 -57.

    For more information: Read abstract or Download file (PDF)

  • Sen Gupta, A., S. Jain, and J.-S. Kim (2011), Past climate, future perspective: An exploratory analysis using climate proxies and drought risk assessment to inform water resources management and policy in Maine, USA. Journal of Environmental Management, 92, 941-947. doi:10.1016/j.jenvman.2010.10.054

    For more information: Read abstract or Download file (PDF)

  • Kim, J.-S., S. Jain, and Y.-I. Moon (2011), Atmospheric teleconnection-based conditional streamflow distributions for the Han River and its sub-watersheds in Korea. International Journal of Climatology. doi: 10.1002/joc.2374

    For more information: Read abstract

  • Hoshide, A.K., J.M. Halloran, R.J. Kersbergen, T.S. Griffin, S.L. DeFauw, B.J. Lagasse, and S. Jain (2011), Impacts of Stored Feed Cropping Systems and Farm Size on the Profitability of Maine Organic Dairy Farm Simulations. Journal of Dairy Science. November, 94(11), 5710-5723. doi:10.3168/jds.2011-4361

    For more information: Read abstract

  • Kim, J.-S., and S. Jain (2011), Precipitation trends over the Korean peninsula: Typhoon-induced changes and a typology to characterize climate-related risk. Environmental Research Letters, 6 034033. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/6/3/034033

    For more information: Read abstract

  • Kim, J.-S., S. Jain, and S. A. Norton (2010), Streamflow variability and hydroclimatic change at the Bear Brook Watershed in Maine (BBWM), USA. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, Volume 171, Numbers 1-4, 47-58, DOI: 10.1007/s10661-010-1525-1

    For more information: Read abstract

  • Kim, J.-S. and S. Jain (2010), High-resolution streamflow trend analysis applicable to annual decision calendars: A western United States case study. Climatic Change,102, 3-4, 699-707. doi:10.1007/s10584-010-9933-3

    For more information: Read abstract

  • Kim, J.-S., S. Jain, and S.-K. Yoon (2010), Warm season streamflow variability in the Korean Han River Basin: Links with atmospheric teleconnections. International Journal of Climatology, DOI: 10.1002/joc.2290

    For more information: Download file (PDF)

  • Jain, S., and J. K. Eischeid (2008),What a difference a century makes: Understanding the changing hydrologic regime and storage requirements in the upper Colorado River basin. Geophysical Research Letters, doi:10.1029/2008GL034715.

    For more information: Read abstract or Download file (PDF)

  • Jain, S., R. S. Pulwarty, and T. S. Melis (2006), Environmental and water decision-making in a changing climate, Eos Trans. AGU, 87(14), 139–139, doi:10.1029/2006EO140006.

    For more information: Download file (PDF)

  • Jain, S., M. P. Hoerling, and J. Eischeid (2005), Decreasing reliability and increasing synchroneity of western North American streamflow. Journal of Climate, 18(5), 613-618.

    For more information: Read abstract or Download file (PDF)

  • Jain, S., J. Eischeid, J., and R. Prasad (2003), Tailored Hydroclimatic Information for Water Resources Management in the Western United States. Proceedings of the ASCE World Water & Environmental Resources Congress 2003: pp. 1-9. doi: 10.1061/40685(2003)375

    For more information: Read abstract

  • Jain, S., C. A. Woodhouse, and M. P. Hoerling (2002), Multidecadal streamflow regimes in the interior western United States: Implications for the vulnerability of water resources. Geophysical Research Letters, 29(21), 2036, doi:10.1029/2001GL014278.

    For more information: Read abstract

  • Jain, S., and U. Lall (2001), Floods in a changing climate: Does the past represent the future?, Water Resour. Res., 37(12), 3193–3205, doi:10.1029/2001WR000495.

    For more information: Read abstract

  • Jain, S., and U. Lall (2000), Magnitude and timing of annual maximum floods: Trends and large-scale climatic associations for the Blacksmith Fork River, Utah, Water Resour. Res., 36(12), 3641–3651, doi:10.1029/2000WR900183.

    For more information: Read abstract

  • Jain, S., U. Lall, and M. E. Mann (1999), Seasonality and Interannual Variations of Northern Hemisphere Temperature: Equator-to-Pole Gradient and Ocean–Land Contrast. Journal of Climate, 12, 1086–1100.

    For more information: Read abstract or Download file (PDF)


Graduate Coordinator, Civil and Environmental Engineering (2014 - present)

Member, UMaine Graduate School Executive Committee (2015 - 2018)

University Faculty Fellow (2017 - 2018)

Vice President and President-Elect, Phi Kappa Phi Chapter 1 (2017 - present)

Member, Phi Kappa Phi Chapter 1 Executive Committee (2015 - present)

Member, UMaine University Teaching Council (2013 - 2018)

Co-chair, UMaine University Teaching Council (2014 - 2015)

Editor, Journal of Water and Climate Change (2013 - 2015)

Leadership Team, Maine's Sustainability Solutions Initiative (2009 - 2014)

Associate Editor, Journal of the American Water Resources Association (2007 - 2013)

Faculty Representative, UMaine President's Council on Disabilities (2007-2010)

Co-convener, Hal Borns Symposium, UMaine Climate Change Institute (2009, 2010, 2011)


  • 2011 to 2016 — National Science Foundation CAREER Award
  • 2012 to 2014 — NOAA Coastal Communities Climate Adaptation Initiative: Coastal Infrastructure Resiliency in a Changing Climate
  • 2015 to 2016 — Nonstationarity in the magnitude and seasonality of extreme precipitation from NOAA/Office of Atmospheric and Oceanic Research


Utah State University, PhD (2001), MS (1998); Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay, BTech (1993)

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