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Climate Change Institute


Paul ("Jim") Roscoe

Professor of Anthropology and Cooperating Professor of Climate Change Studies

Paul ("Jim") Roscoe

Contact Information

Phone:
207-581-1896

Email/web:
Paul.roscoe@umit.maine.edu

Address:
Department of Anthropology
228B South Stevens Hall 
Orono, ME  04401

Biosketch

My particular research interests are the anthropology of war, cultural ecology, and political evolution, though I confess to being a closet generalist. My area interests are contact-era Polynesia and Melanesia; I have conducted over two years fieldwork amongst the Yangoru Boiken of the East Sepik, Papua New Guinea and have made a brief research trip to the Mountain Arapesh. My current research projects are: The hunters and gatherers of New Guinea; The anthropology of war in Sepik and Highland New Guinea; and The emergence of political complexity in New Guinea.

Publications

  • Roscoe, Paul and David Lipset (eds), 2011. Echoes of the Tambaran. The Australian National University.
  • Roscoe, Paul, 2011. The Abelam 'Invasion' and the Rise of Ilahita Revisted. In Echoes of the Tambaran, David Lipset and Paul Roscoe, eds. The Australian National University, pp.25-43.
  • Roscoe, Paul and David Lipset, 2011. Introduction: Donald F. Tuzin, An Anthropologist's Anthropologist. In Echoes of the Tambaran, David Lipset and Paul Roscoe, eds. The Australian National University, pp.1-21.
  • Roscoe, Paul, 2009. Selected Publications: Social Signaling and the Organization of Small-scale Society: The Case of Contact-era New Guinea. Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory 16:69-116.
  • Roscoe, Paul, and Claas, Ulrike, 2009. Hot Air and the Colonialist 'Other': The German-English-Dutch Airship Expedition to New Guinea. Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute 15:131-150.
  • Roscoe, Paul, 2008. Settlement Fortification in Village and 'Tribal' Society: Evidence from Contact-era New Guinea. Journal of Anthropological Archaeology 27: 507-519.
  • Roscoe, Paul, 2008. Catastrophe and the Emergence of Political Complexity: Some Models from Social Anthropology. In: Climate and Catastrophe, Jeffrey Quilter and Daniel Sandweiss, eds. Pp.77-100. Washington, DC: Dumbarton Oaks.
  • Roscoe, Paul, 2008. A New Guinea Culture-Bound Syndrome Revisited: Vayda, Humility, and Monological Authority in Anthropology. In: Against the Tides: The Vayda Tradition in Human Ecology and Ecological Anthropology. Bradley Walters, Bonnie J. McCay, Paige West, and Susan Lees, eds. Pp.145-158. Lantham, MD: Lexington Books.
  • Roscoe, Paul, 2007. Intelligence, Coalitional Killing, and the Antecedents of War. American Anthropologist 109:485-495.
  • Roscoe,Paul, Bragge, Laurie, and Claas, Ulrike, 2006. On the Edge of Empire: Military Brokerage in the Sepik Tribal Zone. American Ethnologist 33:100-113.
  • Roscoe, Paul, 2006. Fish, Game, and the Foundations of Complexity in Forager Society: The Evidence from New Guinea. Cross-Cultural Research: The Journal of Comparative Social Science. 40:29-46.
  • Roscoe, Paul, 2005. Foraging, Ethnographic Analogy, and Papuan Pasts. In: Papuan Pasts: Cultural, Linguistic, and Biological Histories of Papuan-speaking Peoples. Andrew Pawley, Robert Attenborough, Jack Golson, and Robin Hide, eds. Pp.555-584. Pacific Linguistics, Vol. 572. Canberra, Australia: Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies, The Australian National University.
  • Roscoe, Paul, 2004. Latitudinal Trends in Hunter-Gatherer Diets and the 'Tropical Exception'. Before Farming. Online Journal: http://www.waspjournals.com/journals/beforefarming. Issue 3; Article 4.

    For more information: Read abstract

  • Roscoe, Paul and Telban, Borut, 2004. The People of the Lower Arafundi: Tropical Foragers of the New Guinea Rainforest. Ethnology 43:93-115.
  • Roscoe, Paul, 2004. The Problem with Polities: Some Problems in Forecasting Global Political Integration. Cross-Cultural Research: The Journal of Comparative Social Science 38:102-118.
  • Roscoe, Paul, 2004. The Evolution of Revitalization Movements among the Yangoru Boiken, Papua New Guinea. In: Reassessing Revitalization Movements: Perspectives from North America and the Pacific Islands. Michael Harkin (ed.). Pp.162-182. Lincoln and London: University of Nebraska Press.
  • Roscoe, Paul, 2003. Margaret Mead, Reo Fortune, and Mountain Arapesh Warfare. American Anthropologist, 105:581-591.
  • Roscoe, Paul, 2002. The Hunters and Gatherers of New Guinea. Current Anthropology 43:153-162.
  • Roscoe, Paul, 2002. Culture. In: Darwin and Archaeology: A Handbook of Key Concepts, John P. Hart and John Edward Terrell, eds. Pp.107-124. Wesport, CT: Bargin and Garvey.
  • Roscoe, Paul, 2001. `Strength' and Sexuality: Sexual Avoidance and Masculinity in New Guinea and Amazonia. In: Comparative Perspectives on Gender in Amazonia and Melanesia. Tom Gregor and Donald Tuzin, eds. Pp.279-308. Berkeley: University of California Press.
  • Roscoe, Paul, 2000. New Guinea Leadership as Ethnographic Analogy: A Critical Review. Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory 7:79-126.
  • Roscoe, Paul, 2000. Costs, Benefits, Typologies, and Power: The Evolution of Political Hierarchy. In: Hierarchies in Action: Cui Bono? Michael W. Diehl, ed. Pp.113-133. Center for Archaeological Investigations. Carbondale, IL: Southern Illinois University.
  • Roscoe, Paul, 1996. War and Society in Sepik New Guinea. The Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute 2:645-666.
  • Roscoe, Paul, 1995. Familiar Partners? The Mountain Arapesh and the Westermarck Effect. The Journal of Anthropological Research 51:347-362.
  • Roscoe, Paul, 1995. The Perils of `Positivism' in Cultural Anthropology. American Anthropologist 97:492-504.
  • Roscoe, Paul, 1995. Of Power and Menace: Sepik Art as an Affecting Presence. The Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute 1:1-22.
  • Roscoe, Paul, 1995. `Initiation' in Cross-Cultural Perspective. In: Gender Rituals: Female Initiation in Melanesia. N.C. Lutkehaus and P.B. Roscoe, eds. Pp.219-238. Routledge, London and New York.
  • Roscoe, Paul, 1994. Settlement and Sociality Among the Mountain Arapesh. Ethnology 33:193-210.
  • Roscoe, Paul, 1994. Amity and Aggression: A Symbolic Theory of Incest. Man (N.S.) 28:49-76.
  • Roscoe, Paul, 1993. The Brokers of the Lord: The Ministration of a Christian Faith in a Sepik Society. In: Contemporary Pacific Society: Studies in Development and Change. T. Harding, V. Lockwood, and B. Wallace, eds. Pp.289-303. Prentice Hall, Englewood Ciffs, NJ.
  • Roscoe, Paul, 1993. Practice and Political Centralisation: A New Approach to Political Evolution. Current Anthropology 34(2):111-124, 133-140.
  • Roscoe, Paul, 1992. Warfare, Terrain, and Political Expansion. Human Ecology 20(1):1-20.
  • Roscoe, Paul, 1990. The Bow and the Spreadnet: Ecological Origins of Hunting Technology. American Anthropologist 92(3):45-55.
  • Roscoe, Paul, 1988. The Far Side of Hurun: The Management of Melanesian Millenarian Movements. American Ethnologist 15(3):515-529.
  • Roscoe, Paul, 1987. Of Canoes and Castaways: Reassessing the Population of Tongareva (Penrhyn Island) at Contact. Pacific Studies 11(1):43-61.

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