Skip to main content

Climate Change Institute


Kirk Allen Maasch

Professor, Climate Change Institute & School of Earth and Climate Sciences

Kirk Allen Maasch

Contact Information

Phone:
207-581-2197

Email/web:
Kirk.Maasch@maine.edu
Download CV

Address:
5790 BGSC
Orono, ME  04469-5790

Biosketch

I use climate models and statistical methods to investigate the causes of climate change across time scales ranging from years to millions of years. The models range in complexity from simple low-order dynamical systems to complex three-dimensional models of the atmosphere. I have worked on developing a theory for long-time scale climate change (ice ages and millennial scales) primarily using low-order models. More recently my interests have shifted to inter-annual to decadal scale climate variability in the Holocene and the relationship between climate change and human activities. This research involves the development of proxy data from ice core chemistry as well as other climate sensitive geologic deposits and archaeological remains. The physical meaning of climate proxy records must be established by calibrating these records to present day instrumentally measured climate records. I am also actively involved in modeling present-day and future regional scale climate change using a nested high resolution model of the atmosphere (WRF). One of the projects using the regional climate model involves modeling future climate change for New England with a focus on winds over the Gulf of Maine.

Publications

  • Mayewski, P.A., M.P. Meredith, C. P. Summerhayes, J. Turner, A. Worby, P.J. Barrett, G. Casassa, N.A.N. Bertler, T. Bracegirdle, A. C. Naveira Garabato, D. Bromwich, H. Campbell, G.H. Hamilton, W.B. Lyons, K.A. Maasch, S. Aoki, C. Xiao, 2009, State of the Antarctic and Southern Ocean climate system, Rev. Geophys., 47, RG1003, doi:10.1029/2007RG000231.

    For more information: Download file (PDF)

  • Oglesby, R.J., Maasch, K.A., 2009. Paleoclimate Modeling: Quaternary, In Encyclopedia of Paleoclimatology and Ancient Environments, Gornitz, Vivien (Ed.), Springer, Dordrecht, p.709-716.

    For more information: Download file (PDF)

  • Maasch, K.A., 2009. El Niño and interannual variability of climate in the western hemisphere, In El Nino, Catastrophes, and Culture Change in Ancient America, Quilter, J. and Sandweis, D. (Eds.), Dunbarton Oaks, Washington, D.C. , p. 33-55.

    For more information: Download file (PDF)

  • Wanamaker, A.D., Jr, Kreutz, K.J., Schöne, B.R., Maasch, K.A., Pershing, A.J., Borns, H.W., Jr., Introne, D.S., and Feindel, S., 2008, A Late Holocene paleo-productivity record in the Western Gulf of Maine, USA inferred from growth histories of the long-lived ocean quahog (Arctica islandica), Int. J. of Earth Science (Geol. Rundsch.), DOI 10.1007/s00531-008-0318-z.

    For more information: Download file (PDF)

  • McNally, L.K., III, K.A. Maasch, K.J. Zuill, 2008, The Use of Ships' Protests for Reconstruction of Synoptic-scale Weather and Tropical Storm Identification in the Late 18th Century, Weather, 63, 208-213.

    For more information: Download file (PDF)

  • Anderson, D.G., K.A. Maasch, and D.H. Sandweiss, editors, 2007. Climatic Change and Cultural Dynamics: A Global Persepctive on Holocene Transitions. San Diego: Academic Press, 575pp.

    For more information: Download file (PDF)

  • Anderson, D.G., K.A. Maasch, D.H. Sandweiss, and P.A. Mayewski, 2007, Global Climate Change in the Mid-Holocene. In Climatic Change and Cultural Dynamics: A Global Perspective on Holocene Transitions, ed. by D.G. Anderson, K.A. Maasch, and D.H. Sandweiss. San Diego: Academic Press, p. 1-23.

    For more information: Download file (PDF)

  • Sandweiss, D.H., K.A. Maasch, C.F.T. Andrus, E.J. Reitz, M. Riedinger-Whitmore, J.B. Richardson III, and H.B. Rollins, 2007, Mid-Holocene Climate and Culture Change in Coastal Peru. In Climatic Change and Cultural Dynamics: A Global Perspective on Holocene Transitions, ed. by D.G. Anderson, K.A. Maasch, and D.H. Sandweiss. San Diego: Academic Press, p. 51-115.

    For more information: Download file (PDF)

  • Wanamaker, A.D., Jr, Kreutz, K.J., Schöne, B.R., Pettigrew, N.R., Borns, H.W., Jr., Introne, D.S., Belknap, D., Maasch, K.A., and Feindel, S., 2007, Coupled North Atlantic Slope Water forcing on Gulf of Maine temperatures over the past millennium, Clim. Dyn. DOI 10.1007/s00382-007-0344-8

    For more information: Download file (PDF)

  • Maasch, K.A., 2007, Barry Saltzman, In New Dictionary of Scientific Biography, Charles Scribner's Sons.

    For more information: Download file (PDF)

  • Kaspari, S., P. Mayewski, S. Kang, S. Sneed, S. Hou, R. Hooke, K. Kreutz, D. Introne, M. Handley, K. Maasch, D. Qin, and J. Ren, 2007, Reduction in northward incursions of the South Asian monsoon since ~1400 AD inferred from a Mt. Everest ice core, Geophys. Res. Lett., 34, L16701, doi:10.1029/2007GL030440

    For more information: Download file (PDF)

  • Mayewski, P.A. and Maasch, K.A., 2006, Recent warming inconsistent with natural association between temperature and atmospheric circulation over the last 2000 years, Clim. Past Discuss., 2, 1–29.

    For more information: Download file (PDF)

  • Maasch, K.A., Mayewski. P.A., Rohling, E.J., Stager, J.C., Karlén, W., Meeker, L.D. and Meyerson E.A., 2005, A 2000-year context for modern climate change, Geografiska Annaler, Series A: Physical Geography, 87, 7-15.

    For more information: Download file (PDF)

  • Lagerklint, I.M., Rosqvist, G., Hermelin, O. and Maasch, K.A., 2005, New high resolution alkenone evidence of Glacial to Holocene sea-surface temperature change in the east-equatorial South Atlantic Ocean, Geografiska Annaler, Series A: Physical Geography, 87, 111-124.

    For more information: Download file (PDF)

  • Maasch, K.A., Oglesby, R.J., and Fournier, A., 2005, Barry Saltzman and the theory of climate, Journal of Climate, 18, 2141–2150.

    For more information: Download file (PDF)

  • Mayewski, P.A., Maasch, K.A., Yan, Y., Kang, S., Meyerson E.A., Sneed, S.B., Kaspari, S.D., Dixon D.A., Ostreberg, E.C., Morgan, V.I., van Ommen, T., and Curran, M.A.J., 2005, Solar forcing of the polar atmosphere – Data, Mechanism, and Implications, Annals of Glaciology, 41, 147-154.
  • Dixon, D., Mayewski P.A., Kaspari S.D., Kreutz K.J., Hamilton G.S., Maasch K., Sneed S.B., Handley M.J., 2005, A 200-year sulfate record from sixteen Antarctic ice cores and associations with Southern Ocean sea ice extent, Annals of Glaciology, 41, 155-166.
  • Mayewski, P.A., Maasch, K.A., White, J.W.C., Steig, E. J., Meyerson, E., Goodwin, I., Morgan, V.I., van Ommen, T., Curran, M.A.J., Souney, J., and Kreutz, K., 2004, A 700 year record of southern hemisphere extratropical climate variability, Annals of Glaciology, 39, 127-132.
  • Mayewski, P.A., Rohling, E., Stager, C., Karlén, Maasch, K.A., Meeker, L.D., Meyerson, E., Gasse, F., van Kreveld, S., Holmgren, K., Lee-Thorp, J., Rosqvist, G., Rack, F., Staubwasser, M., and Schneider, R., 2004, Holocene climate variability, Quat. Res., 62, 243-255.
  • Owen, J., Norton, S.A., Maasch, K.A., and Witman, M., 2004, Design, Implementation, and Assessment of an Earth Systems Science Course for Secondary Teachers, Journal of Geoscience Education, 52, 379-385.
  • Shafer Rogers, S., Sandweiss, D.H., Maasch. K.A., Belknap, D.F., and Agouris, P., 2004, Coastal change and beach ridges along the northwest coast of Peru: Image and GIS analysis of the Chira, Piura, and Cola´n beach-ridge plains, Journal of Coastal Research, 20, 1102-1125.
  • Sandweiss, D.H., Maasch, K.A., Chai, F. Andrus, C.F.T., and Reitz, E.J., 2004, Geoarchaeological evidence for multidecadal natural climatic variability and ancient Peruvian fisheries, Quat. Res., 61, 330-334.
  • Andrus, F.T., Crowe, D.E., D.H Sandweiss, E.J Reitz, C.S. Romanek, and K.A. Maasch, 2003, Response to Comment on “Otolith ?18O Record of Mid-Holocene Sea Surface Temperatures in Peru”, Science, 299, 203b.
  • Sandweiss, D.H., K.A. Maasch, R.L. Burger, J.B. Richardson, III, H.B. Rollins, and, A. Clement, 2001, Variation in Holocene El Niño frequencies: Climate records and cultural consequences in ancient Peru, Geology, 29, 603-606.
  • Marshall, S., R.J. Oglesby, K.A. Maasch and G.T. Bates, 1999, Improving Climate Model Representations of Snow Hydrology, Environmental Modelling & Software, 14, 327-334.
  • Sandweiss, D.H., K.A. Maasch, and D.G. Anderson, 1999, Transitions in the Mid-Holocene, Science, 283, 499-500.
  • Reusch, D.N. and K.A. Maasch, 1998, The transition from arc volcanism to exhumation, weathering of young Ca, Mg, Sr silicates and CO2 drawdown. In: Tectonic boundary conditions for climate reconstructions, Crowley, T.J. and Burke K.C. (eds.), Oxford Monographs on Geology and Geophysics, 261-276.
  • Reusch, D.N., G. Ravizza, K.A. Maasch, and J.D. Wright, 1998, Miocene seawater 187Os/186Os ratios inferred from metalliferous carbonates. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 160, 163-178.
  • Sandweiss, D.H., K.A. Maasch, D.F. Belknap, J.B. Richardson, and H.B. Rollins, 1998, Discussion of L.E. Wells, 1996. The Santa beach ridge complex. Journal of Coastal Research, 14, 367-373.
  • Sandweiss, D.H., J.B. Richardson, III, E.J. Reitz, H.B. Rollins, and K.A. Maasch, 1997, Determining the beginning of El Nino: Response [to comments]. Science, 276, 966-967.
  • Berner, R.A. and K.A. Maasch, 1996, Chemical weathering and controls on atmospheric O2 and CO2: The fundamental principles were enunciated in 1845. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 60, 1633-1637.
  • Sandweiss, D.H., J.B. Richardson, III, E.J. Reitz, H.B. Rollins, and K.A. Maasch, 1996, Geoarchaeological evidence from Peru for a 5,000 BP onset of El Nino. Science, 273, 1531-1533.
  • Laird, K.R., Fritz, S.C., Maasch, K.A., and Cumming, B.F., 1996, Intensity and frequency of droughts in the northern Great Plains over the last two millennia, Nature, 384, 552-554.
  • Maasch, K.A., 1996, Structure of earth's atmosphere. in Encyclopedia of Earth Sciences, Macmillan Publishing Company, New York.
  • Bolton, E.W., Maasch, K.A., and Lilly, J.M., 1995, A wavelet analysis of Plio-Pleistocene climate indicators: A new view of periodicity evolution. Geophys. Res. Lett., 22, 2753-2756.
  • Saltzman, B., Maasch, K.A., and Verbitsky, M.Ya., 1993, Possible Effects of Anthropogenically-increased CO2 on the Dynamics of Climate: Implications for Ice Age Cycles. Geophys. Res. Lett., 20, 1051-1054.
  • Grimm, E.C., Jacobson, G.L., Jr., Watts, W.A., Hansen, B.C.S., and Maasch, K.A., 1993, A 50,000 year record of climate oscillations from Florida correlated with North Atlantic Heinrich events. Science, 261, 998-100.
  • Park, J., and K.A Maasch, 1993, Plio-Pleistocene time evolution of the 100-ky cycle in marine paleoclimate records. J. Geophys. Res., 98, 447-461.
  • Maasch, K.A., 1992, Ice age dynamics. Encyclopedia of Earth System Science, v. 2, Academic Press, 559-569.
  • Saltzman, B. and Maasch, K.A., 1991, A first-order global model of late Cenozoic climatic change II: A simplification of CO2 dynamics. Clim. Dyn., 5, 201-210.
  • Gaffin, S.R., and Maasch, K.A., 1991, Anomalous cyclicity and stratigraphy and modeling nonlinear oscillations. J. Geophys. Res, 96, 6701-6711.
  • Maasch, K.A. and Saltzman, B., 1990, A low-order dynamical model of global climate variability over the full Pleistocene. J. Geophys. Res, 95, 1955-1963.
  • Saltzman, B. and Maasch, K.A., 1990, A first-order global model of late Cenozoic climatic change. Trans. R. Soc. Edinburgh Earth Sciences, 81, 315-325.
  • Maasch, K.A. and Oglesby, R.J., 1990, Meltwater cooling of the Gulf of Mexico: A GCM simulation of climatic conditions at 12 ka. Paleoceanography, 5, 977-996.
  • Maasch, K.A., 1989, Calculating climate attractor dimension from ?18O records by the Grassberger-Procaccia algorithm. Clim. Dyn., 4, 45-55.
  • Saltzman, B., Tang, C.-M., and Maasch, K.A., 1989, Folded resonance and seasonal vacillation in a thermally-forced baroclinic wave model. Atmosfera, 2, 131-154.
  • Oglesby, R.J., Maasch, K.A. and Saltzman, B., 1989, Glacial meltwater cooling of the Gulf of Mexico: GCM implications for Holocene and present day conditions. Clim. Dyn., 3, 115-133.
  • Maasch, K.A., 1988, Statistical detection of the mid-Pleistocene transition. Clim. Dyn., 2, 133-143.
  • Saltzman, B. and Maasch, K.A., 1988, Carbon cycle instability as a cause of the late Pleistocene ice age oscillations: Modeling the asymmetric response. Global Biogeochemichal Cycles, 2, 177-185.
  • Saltzman, B.and Maasch, K.A., 1988, Orbital forcing and the Vostok ice core. Nature, 333, 123-124.
  • Liebermann, R.C.,.and Maasch, K.A., 1985, Acoustic and static compression experiments on the elastic behavior of hematite. J. Geophys. Res, 91, 4651-4656.
  • Saltzman, B., Hansen, A.R., and Maasch, K.A., 1984, The late Quaternary glaciation as the response of a three-component feedback system to earth-orbital forcing. J. Atmos. Sci., 41, 3380-3389.

Education

Ph.D. Yale University 1989

Are you Kirk Allen Maasch? If so, log in to edit your profile.

 

Logos
© 2014 Climate Change Institute • University of Maine
Orono, ME 04469-5790 • Tel: 207-581-2190 • Fax: 207-581-1203
The University of Maine
 
Climate Change Institute UMaine