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Climate Change Institute


James Fastook

Cooperating Professor, Climate Change Institute

James Fastook

Contact Information

Phone:
(207) 581-2066

Email/web:
Fastook@maine.edu
Download CV

Address:
223 Neville Hall
222 East Annex 
Orono, ME  04469

Research interests

I developed and maintain UMISM, the University of Maine Ice Sheet Model, a multi-component model of ice-sheet physics. Components include mass and momentum conservation for the ice dynamics, energy conservation for the internal temperatures, a hydrostatically supported visco-elastic plate for bed depression and rebound, a conservation of water-based basal water model, and various simple climatologies for surface temperatures and mass balance. The model has been applied to both paleo- and existing ice sheets on both the Earth and Mars. 

 

Studies of glaciology as a science began as the earliest researchers recognized that certain geological landforms had been produced by the presence of large sheets of moving ice that had covered wide expanses of the landscape. We have struggled to understand the mechanisms that produced and controlled these ice sheets. Obviously, these moving ice mountains could only have existed if the world were colder. Had they come and gone repeatedly in the past; and if so, how many times? Is it possible that the Ice Age state of the world is actually its normal state?  Would the glaciers come again, and when? What can we learn from the past climate and how it changed that will help us predict and prepare for future climate change?


Publications

  • Fastook, J. L., J. W. Head and D. R. Marchant, DICHOTOMY BOUNDARY GLACIATION MODELS: IMPLICATIONS FOR TIMING AND GLACIAL PROCESSES, Lunar and Planetary Science, XXXIX, #1109, 2008

    For more information: Download file (PDF)

  • Fastook, J. L., J. W. Head, D. R. Marchant and F. Forget, Tropical mountain glaciers on Mars: Altitude-dependence of ice accumulation, accumulation conditions, formation times, glacier dynamics, and implications for planetary spin-axis/orbital history, Icarus, 198, 305-317, 2008

    For more information: Download file (PDF)

  • Hooke, R. L. and J. L. Fastook, Thermal conditions at the bed of the Laurentide ice sheet in Maine during deglaciation: implications for esker formation, Journal of Glaciology, 53(183), 646,658, 2007

    For more information: Download file (PDF)

  • Marchant, D. R., W. M. Phillips, J. M. Schaefer, G. Winckler, J. L. Fastook, D. E. Shean, D. E. Kowalewski, J. W. Head and A. R. Lewis, Establishing a chronology for the world's oldest glacier ice, 10th International Symposium on Antarctic Earth Sciences 10th International Symposium on Antarctic Earth Sciences, 1-4, 2007

    For more information: Download file (PDF)

  • Shean, D. E., J. W. Head, J. L. Fastook and D. R. Marchant, Recent glaciations at high elevations on Asia Mons, Mars: Implications for the formation and evolution of large tropical mountain glaciers, Journal of Geophysical Research, 112, E03004, 2007
  • Fastook, J. L., D. E. Shean, J. W. Head, D. R. Marchant, ICE SHEET MODELING DURING HIGH-OBLIQUITY CLIMATES ON MARS: APPLICATION TO THARSIS MONTES TROPICAL MOUNTAIN GLACIATION, Lunar and Planetary Science XXXVII, # 1794, 2006

    For more information: Download file (CE SHEET MODELING DURING HIGH-OBLIQUITY CLIMATES ON MARS_ APPLICATION TO THARSIS MONTES TROPICAL M)

  • Fastook, J. L., J. W. Head, D. Marchant and D. Shean, Ice Sheet Modeling: Mass Balance Relationships for Map-Plane Ice Sheet Reconstruction: Applications to Tharsis Montes Glaciation, Lunar and Planetary Science XXXVI, #1212, 2005

    For more information: Download file (CE SHEET MODELING_ MASS BALANCE RELATIONSHIPS FOR MAP-PLANE ICE SHEET RECONSTRUCTION_ APPLICATION T)

  • Head, J. W., D. R. Marchant and and J L. Fastook, Regional Mid-Latitude Glaciation on Mars: Evidence for Marginal Glacial Deposits Adjacent to Lineated Valley Fill, Lunar and Planetary Science XXXVI, #1257, 2005

    For more information: Download file (EGIONAL MID-LATITUDE GLACIATION ON MARS_ EVIDENCE FOR MARGINAL GLACIAL DEPOSITS ADJACENT TO LINEATE)

  • Staiger, J. K. W., J. C. Gosse, J. V. Johnson, J. L. Fastook, J. T. Gray, D. F. Stockli, L. Stockli and R. Finkel, Quaternary relief generation by polythermal glacier ice, Earth Surface Processes and Landforms Special Issue: Quantifying Rates and Timescales of Geomorphic Processes: Part 2., 9(30), 1145-1159, 2005
  • Naslund, J. O., P. Jansson, J. L. Fastook, J. V. Johnson and L. Andersson, Detailed spatially distributed geothermal heat flow data for modelling of basal temperatures and melt water production beneath the Fennoscandian ice sheet, Annals of Glaciology, 40(1), 95-101, 2005
  • Bromwich, D. H., E. R. Toracinta, R. J. Oglesby, J. L. Fastook and T. J. Hughes, LGM summer climate on the southern margin of the Laurentide Ice Sheet: Wet or dry, Journal of Climate, 18, 3317-3338, 2005
  • Fastook, J. L., J. W. Head, D. Marchant and D. Shean, Ice Sheet Modeling: Terrestrial Background and Application to Arsia Mons Lobate Deposit, Mars, Lunar and Planetary Science XXXV, #1352, 2004

    For more information: Download file (PDF)

  • Shean, D. E., J. W. Head, D. R. Marchant and J. Fastook, Tharsis Montes cold-based glaciers: Observations and constraints for modeling with preliminary results, Lunar and Planetary Science XXXV, #1428, 2004

    For more information: Download file (HARSIS MONTES COLD-BASED GLACIERS_ OBSERVATIONS AND CONSTRAINTS FOR MODELING AND PRELIMINARY RESULT)

  • Bromwich, D. H., E. R. Toracinta, H. Wei, R. J. Oglesby, J. L. Fastook and T. J. Hughes, Polar MM5 simulations of the winter climate of the Laurentide Ice Sheet at the LGM, Journal of Climate, 17, 3415-3433, 2004
  • Naslund, J. O., J. L. Fastook and P. Holmlund, New ways of studying ice sheet flow directions and glacial erosion by ice sheet modelling - examples from Fennoscandia, Quaternary Science Reviews, 22(2-4), 89-102, 2003
  • Kleman, J., J. Fastook and A. P. Stroeven, Geologically and geomorphologically constrained numerical model of Laurentide Ice Sheet inception and build-up , Quaternary International, 95-96, 87-98, 2002
  • Johnson, J., and J. L. Fastook, Northern Hemisphere glaciation and its sensitivity to basal melt water, Quaternary International, 95-96, 65-74, 2002
  • Naslund, J. O., P. Jansson, J. L. Fastook, J. V. Johnson and L. Andersson, Numerical modelling of the ice sheet in Western Dronning Maud Land, East Antarctica; impacts of present, past, and future climates, Journal of Glaciology, 46(152), 54-66, 2000

    For more information: Download file (UMERICAL MODELLING OF THE ICE SHEET IN WESTERN DRONNING MAUD LAND, EAST ANTARCTICA_ IMPACTS OF PRES)

  • Steig, E. J., J. L. Fastook, C. Zweck, I. D. Goodwin, K. J. Licht, J. W. C. White and R. P. Ackert, West Antarctic Ice Sheet elevation changes, The West Antarctic Ice Sheet: Behavior and environment, Antarctic Research Series, Volume 77, 75-90, 2000
  • Payne, A. J., P. Huybrechts, A. Abe-Ouchi, R. Calov, J. L. Fastook, R. Greve, S. J. Marshall, I. Marsiat, C. Ritz and L. Tarasov, Results from the EISMINT Phase 2 simplified geometry experiments: The effects of thermomechanical coupling, Journal of Glaciology, 46(153), 227-238, 2000
  • Ackert, R. P., D. J. Barclay, H. W. B. Jr., P. E. Calkin, M. D. Kurz, J. L. Fastook and E. J. Steig, Measurements of Past Ice Sheet Elevations in Interior West Antarctica, Science, 286, 276-280, 1999

    For more information: Download file (PDF)

  • Karlen,W., J. L. Fastook, K. Holmgren, M. Malmstrom, J. A. Matthews, E. Odada, J. Risberg, G. Rosqvist, P. Sandgren, A. Shemesh and L. Westerberg, Holocene glacier fluctuations on Mount Kenya, East Africa, between 5700 cal. years BP and the present, AMBIO, 28(5), 409-418, 1999
  • Bindschadler, R. A., R. B. Alley, J. Anderson, S. Shipp, H. Borns, J. Fastook, S. Jacobs, C. F. Raymond and C. A. Shuman, What is happening to the West Antarctic Ice Sheet? , EOS, 79(22), 257, 264-265, 1998
  • Huybrechts,P., T. Payne, A. Abe-Ouchi, R. Calov, A. Fabre, J. Fastook, R. Greve, R. Hindmarsh, O. Hoydal, T. Johannesson, D. MacAyeal, I. Marsiat, C. Ritz, M. Verbitsky, E. Waddington and R. Warner, The EISMINT benchmarks for testing ice-sheet models, Annals of Glaciology, 23, 1-12, 1996

    For more information: Download file (PDF)

  • Holmlund, P. and J. L. Fastook, A time dependent glaciological model of the Weichselian ice sheet, Quaternary International, 27(2), 53-58, 1995
  • Fastook, J. L., H. H. Brecher and T. J. Hughes, Derived Bedrock Elevations, Strain Rates, and Stresses from Measured Surface Elevations and Velocities: Jakobshavn Glacier, Greenland , Journal of Glaciology, 41(137), 161-173, 1995
  • Fastook, J.L. and M. Prentice, A finite-element model of Antarctica:Sensitivity test for meteorological mass balance relationship, Journal of Glaciology, 40(134), 167-175, 1994

    For more information: Download file (PDF)

  • Grosswald, M. L., M. Kuhle and J. L. Fastook, Wurm Glaciation of Lake Issyk-Kul Area, Tian Shan Mts.: A Case Study in Glacial History of Central Asia, Geojournal, 33(2/3), 273-310, 1994
  • Fastook, J. L. and P. Holmlund, A glaciological model of the Younger Dryas event in Scandinavia, Journal of Glaciology, 40(134), 125-131, 1994

Education

PhD Physics

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